Latest Trends in Cloud Computing Technology
Predicted to take the centre stage in the coming years, cloud computing is already making new inroads in the current scenario. By 2020, the market in cloud computing is estimated to be worth £240 million and reduce energy costs by more than 38%.
Rapid movement to cloud: So, as many experts believe it is not an “if” but just a question of “when” for all businesses to migrate to cloud. A survey conducted on 1002 IT professionals by RightScale in January of 2017 revealed about 85% of businesses have a multiple cloud strategy and 58% planning to implement a hybrid cloud. By 2018, most IT businesses are expected to move completely to cloud, with the non-cloud companies falling sharply to 43% from the current 78%, according to a report from McKinsey. Accelerated move to cloud is a major trend that is slated to gain momentum in 2017 and beyond.
Machine learning: Artificial intelligence is already integrated into cloud by big players including IBM, Google and Amazon Web Services among others.
Decision making with artificial intelligence, already introduced by IBM, is expected to be the favoured trend in cloud. Microsoft Azure also offers cognitive services with many possibilities including route logistics, gesture-based controls, location insights and more. Algorithms that can sense emotions, read images and faces are part of the cognitive services that may see more development in the coming years.
Serverless Computing: Amazon Web Services’ Lambda and the API Gateway have already laid the pathway for serverless computing to grow and evolve in a big way. With serverless computing, it is all the more easy to focus on core business solutions rather than worrying about managing web server, infrastructure, and core operating systems. Not only do serverless computing offer cost advantages, but simplifies software development.
Container technology: Containers are the buzz word already and are likely to be at the helm of IT affairs in the years to come. The key advantage that containers offer in terms of portability between different platforms will also enable faster software development. Experts believe containers will be used to deploy micro services to solve real world problems as they are flexible and cost efficient. Enhanced security built into containers will make them all the more attractive.
Hybrid cloud shifts: Hybrid Cloud is increasingly the preferred platform with over 67% of respondents in an IT survey favouring it. Experts believe large enterprises will increasingly prefer hybrid mode to harness the safety net it offers to protect crucial data from gaining exposure to third party vendors. With increasing demand for hybrid, the challenges of common APIs and paucity of management tools will be the key areas to focus in the coming years for providers. The hybrid model is also attractive because of the flexibility it offers to have an infrastructure that supports the usual workload of a business and taking the help of public cloud whenever there is an increase in workloads that goes beyond the limits of the private cloud platform.
Training and certifications: As cloud technologies continue to evolve, so will the need for training and certifications for developers in cloud computing which will be a continuing trend from 2018. Certifications were already on offer from giants AWS, Google Cloud Platform, and Microsoft Azure.
To cope with the constant stream of new releases from big enterprises such as Amazon Web Services and Google, constant retraining to groom and retain skilled workforce is going to be a major focus area for businesses.
More investment in training and mapping the skills of employees is a trend that is expected to become stronger in 2017. While most training programs were focused internally, the future will see broader training and certifications for both tech and nontech.